Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
- Ann: “Excuse me, is there a supermarket near here?”
- Pedestrian: “______”
-Marry: “I don’t think we should drink too much water at night”.
-John: “______ . This can interrupt your sleep cycle and negatively impact heart health.”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 34 to 38.
Like people, animals have their own personality, talent and achieve fame. Some of them become famous through films, TV or advertisements, and others through their work. ___(34)___, they rescue people or play a role in a war. Still others have done something special or been the first to do something.
There have been ___(35)___ famous dogs in history. One of them is Hachiko, a dog that is remembered for his ___(36)___ to his owner. Hachiko was born in Japan in 1923 and was owned by Hidesaburō Ueno, a professor at Tokyo University. Every day, Hachiko waited for Ueno at Shibuya station and the pair walked home together. One day in May 1925, Ueno died suddenly at work. For the next nine years, nine months and 15 days, his faithful dog continued to meet the train ___(37)___ his owner used to take every day. At first the station staff did not welcome him, but gradually people understood and began giving him food and treats. Hachiko did not stop waiting for Ueno until his own death in 1935. There have been films and books about Hachiko. Every year, there is a/ an ___(38)___ to commemorate him at the railway station in Tokyo, where he waited for his owner so faithfully.
Read the following and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 39 to 43.
In the past, cell phones were big and heavy. In the future, telephones will still be big. The good news is that people will be able to fold them in half to make them smaller. The “foldable phone" is now in development.
One company has come up with a smartphone and tablet in one. This device can fold down to the size of a regular cellphone to make it “pocket-size.” The foldable phone has a larger screen, keyboard, and high-quality speakers. This makes it easy to use. The flexible display can go from smartphone to tablet just by unfolding it. The interior screen is so big that it can run three different apps at the same time. People can watch a video, talk about it, and browse websites online. There are also two batteries inside the phone - one on each side.
Many companies have been looking for ways to improve smartphones. The foldable phone is unlike anything else that has come before it. This powerful machine is a smartphone, computer, and camera all in one. There is a current race to get foldable phones on the market. But we’ll have to wait and see how well these new smartphones work. If people like them, maybe one day we will be able to fold and even stretch our phone.
Read the following and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 44 to 50 .
There are many theories of aging, actually all fall into the category of being hypotheses with a minimum of supporting evidence. One viewpoint is that aging occurs as the body's organ systems become less efficient. Thus failures in the immune system, hormonal system, and nervous system could all produce characteristics that we associate with aging. Following a different vein, many current researchers are looking for evidence at the cellular and subcellular level. It has been shown that cells such as human fibroblasts (generalized tissue cells) grown in culture divide only a limited number of times and then die. (Only cancer cells seem immortal in this respect.) Fibroblast cells from an embryo divide more times than those taken from an adult. Thus some researchers believe that aging occurs at the cellular level and is part of the cell's genetic makeup. Any event disturbing the cell's genetic machinery such as mutation, damaging chemicals in the cell's environment, or loss of genetic material, could cause cells to lose their ability to divide and thus bring on aging. Other theories of aging look at different processes.
Chronological aging refers to the passage of time since birth and is usually measured in years. While chronological age can be useful in estimating the average status of a large group of people, it is a poor indicator of an individual person's status because there is a tremendous amount of variation from one individual to the next in regard to the rate at which biological age changes occur. For example, on average, aging results in people losing much of their ability to perform strenuous activities, yet some elderly individuals are excellent marathon runners.
Another type of aging is cosmetic aging, which consists of changes in outward appearance with advancing age, including changes in the body and in other aspects of a person's appearance, such as the style of hair and clothing, the type of eyeglasses, and the use of a hearing aid. Like chronological aging, it is frequently used to estimate the degree to which other types of aging have occurred. However, it is an inaccurate indicator for either purpose because of variation among individuals and because a person's appearance is affected by many factors that are not part of aging, including illness, poor nutrition, and exposure to sunlight.